Mastic is the aromatic natural resin extracted from the mastic tree (Pistacia lentiscus var. Chia) grown in Chios. Mastic is used in food, medicine and industry. Mastic is also often referred to as chewing gum or chewing gum, and it contains a small percentage.
The mastic plant, the raspberry, (scientifically Pistacia lentiscus) is an evergreen shrub, belonging to the Terebinthus (Terebinthus lentisca Chia) family. It can also reach the height of three meters. It has outstretched branches and a light or dark trunk, depending on its age. The surface of its trunk has irregular plates, like wrinkles, like pine. It thrives throughout the Mediterranean, from the Iberian Peninsula and France to Turkey and Israel. On the island of Chios, and only in its southern villages, the so-called Mastichohoria, a particular variety of rye flourishes and is cultivated, the mastic rope (Pistacia lentiscus var. Chia), from which the natural resin or mastic is extracted, its most important product, which also supports the local economy. The name comes from the word masticare (chew). Many times efforts have been made to produce mastic from this plant in other parts of the planet, but to no avail.
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